EU cites Android dominance even if Google mostly offers it for free

Deborah Yao, Editor

September 14, 2022

1 Min Read

EU cites Android dominance even if Google mostly offers it for free

A top European Union court today upheld a record €4 billion ($4 billion) fine assessed against Google – the highest ever in the bloc − for using its market dominance in Android to hamper competition.

The EU’s General Court upheld a fine imposed by the bloc’s European Commission in 2018. The Commission had charged Google with “imposing anticompetitive contractual restrictions on manufacturers of mobile devices and on mobile network operators” since Jan. 1, 2011.

The General Court, however, slightly reduced the Commission’s initial fine of €4.34 billion ($4.34 billion) to €4.125 billion ($4.12 billion) due to “its reason differing in certain aspects.”

Google, which offers the open-source Android license mostly for free, was deemed anti-competitive for requiring the following:

  • Mobile device manufacturers are required to pre-install Google Search and Google Chrome apps if they want to get a license to use Android.

  • Android OS versions they run must be approved by Google.

  • Google will share ad revenue with mobile device makers if they agree not to install a competing search app.

The court dismissed Google’s appeal of the fine, calling each of the three practices as “abusive.”

The court said it took into account the “intentional nature of the implementation of unlawful practices and of the value of relevant sales made by Google in the last year of its full participation in the infringement.”

Google’s Android operating system is installed in about 80% of smart mobile devices in Europe as of July 2018, according to the court.

Google did not respond to a request for comment in time for publication.

About the Author(s)

Deborah Yao


Deborah Yao runs the day-to-day operations of AI Business. She is a Stanford grad who has worked at Amazon, Wharton School and Associated Press.

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