When Machines And People Work In Perfect Harmony

When Machines And People Work In Perfect Harmony

Ciarán Daly

May 14, 2019

5 Min Read

by Daren Ward

LONDON - The transformation of the workplace hascome quickly, suddenly and stealthily and invaded more aspects of our livesthan we likely recognise. It’s the march of automation; the invasion of therobots, if you like. Whether you term it as the Fourth Industrial Revolution,or just call it progress, our workplace is changing almost by the day.

Over the next 5 years the World Economic Forum estimates that artificial intelligence and robotics will create 58 million more jobs than they eliminate. But they will be ‘new’ jobs, requiring different skills and a different mindset.

Our own study on Human Machine Interfaces shows that people are looking for products and services that work smoothly, save time and ultimately increase comfort. That requires machines that are more intuitive and with natural interfaces.

Technology is increasingly in demand as atool for expanding or improving a person’s abilities and sense. We are movingfrom the age of ‘hands and touch’ to one of ‘minds and body’.

Some of these tools are already with us. Voice assistance and chatbots speed up processing or automated tasks, for instance. They are especially useful in CRM environments, where a bot can automate the first stages of a customer enquiry before needing human assistance.

Other technologies, such as extended reality - a leap beyond virtual reality - are also coming to fruition. Many experts believe that full immersion, where the mind becomes one with a computer, is not that far away.

Related: Five ways AI will change the future of work

Machine

learning and interaction

People in almost every walk of working lifehave experienced some form of automation in the past few years. That could beon the factory floor with robotic assistance, or in the office with softwarethat enhances productivity. We call this processautomation – the way that machines can automate repetitive or simple tasks.

Human interaction with machines is a key part of this equation as we change our own ways of working to find efficiencies with technology.   For example, because speech is a much faster information interchange than typing information onto a keyboard, chatbots are finding a real place in sales and customer service environments.

There is an expectation that chatbots can understand and interpret nuances of language, fathom dialects or hold a ‘natural’ conversation. There are still obvious limits to these tools, but at the same time, there is little doubt they can speed up the process of interaction with a company and the technology continues to improve. The acid test will be when we can’t spot the difference between man and machine.

Machines are also allowing us to do our jobs much more effectively; there is a car insurance company for instance, that is already using photographs to automatically process car damage claims without needing a human assessor. The aim is to convert images to 3D soon to provide an even more accurate damage assessment.

Related: Looking at automation and the future of work

Machines are no longer dumb waiters. Theycan learn and adapt by following their human masters, a term defined as ‘machine-learning’. They follow processestaken to reach an end-point and learn the logic behind each decision. This enablesthe computer, robot, machine, whichever way you want to describe it, to adaptto the task they need to complete.

But AI is only as good as the quality andquantity of data we hold. The insurance company needs to hold data on everytype of car accident, on every make and model or car, to make a confident assessmentof every damage claim, for instance.

We can also use data to predict patterns ofbehaviour and get us to react in different ways. This is what we call predictive automation.

We work with a shoe chain in Italy that isusing AI to assess which brands of shoes are most popular, based on storelocation, age and the demographics of its customer base. Using this analysis,AI can provide feedback recommendations for new or enhanced designs to itsproduction team. It is predicting what people want to buy based on their pastpreferences and patterns of consumption. In the process it has slashed responsetimes in the design and production cycle from 6 months to a week.

The chain is now automatically monitoringcomments on its social media channel to feed into more design anddecision-making processes – there are too many for a human to respond to 24/7,so the machine is doing it for them.

The

psychology of man and machine

The beauty of machine applications is thatthey can, in theory, free humans from the mundane, tedious and repetitive tasksthat many of us do on a day-to-day basis. They can release the time for us toget on with more creative, value-added or complex tasks that requires morethought and intuition.

In practice, the pace of change could be toofast for many of us to find comfortable. People are, by their nature, resistantto change. They settle into routines and habits and, in many cases, arereluctant to upskill and retrain. So, there will be an amount of upheaval, evenresistance, as we settle in with our robotic counterparts.

We’ve surrounded ourselves with machines for a long time now whether it was the steam engine or the computer. It has always meant change. But with change comes improvements in productivity and creativity. Our challenge is not to fear the unknown, but to appreciate and maximise the opportunities that the Fourth Industrial Revolution can really provide for us in the next few years. It is up to us to use it wisely.

Join Daren and the Reply team with over 20,000 senior decisionmakers in the enterprise and technology world at The AI Summit London, June 12-13. Find out more

Daren Ward is an Executive Partner at Reply

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